Where jealousy and selfish ambition exist,
there is disorder and every foul practice.
But the wisdom from above is first of all pure,
then peaceable, gentle, compliant,
full of mercy and good fruits,
without inconstancy or insincerity.
And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace
for those who cultivate peace.
Where do the wars
and where do the conflicts among you come from?
Is it not from your passions
that make war within your members?
You covet but do not possess.
You kill and envy but you cannot obtain;
you fight and wage war.
You do not possess because you do not ask.
You ask but do not receive,
because you ask wrongly, to spend it on your passions.
In some ways the Letter of St James is unusual. It mixes shrewd advice and social commentary in a way that really speaks to our times, almost as if it were written only yesterday.
In today's extract from James we find an extended meditation on the power of peacemaking and the roots of aggression. About aggression, the letter of James is quite blunt: it comes from our desire to have more. And more again. There is much here for us to ponder. Western culture and Western economies are built upon this desire. Since the downturn in the world economy we have read ceaselessly that consumers have lost confidence, that they are buying less, and that for recovery to take place, they need to be buying more at the shops. Once we buy more, the economy will pick up to produce the goods that are being bought. At the same time, we know that much of our culture is based on the creation of changing tastes and fashions: not just clothes but interior decoration, furnishings, clothes, even gardens have to be reshaped as tastes change.
We are part of a cycle of wanting more. This desire runs through our culture. But how long can it go on like this?
Reading James 3.16-4.3 gives us pause for thought. If we want more and more, is it ever possible to have enough? The letter warns us that if we are caught up in bottomless desire, then a spirit of sourness takes over. When we do not have what we covet, we become resentful, and in some cases, bitter. From here to aggression is only a short step. We think that our age is obsessed with sexuality, but perhaps covetousness and greed are our true obsessions. If we can never have enough, then can we ever have a spirituality which will lead us to true contentment? IfAlways wanting more, can we ever have a spirit of gratitude?
The letter of James invites us to think again about what it would be like to base our lives more closely on a following of Christ. Surely there would be greater simplicity in our lives, a gratitude for what we have, a desire to share more. Jesus in the gospel today (Mark 9.30-37) helps us find this as he commends a spirit of service and of hospitality. Greatness, he says, is found in looking after the needs of others. What a challenge to us is found in those simple words! He then goes on to commend protection and nurture of children. After the child abuse scandal we cannot read these words without a pang. The sadness that we feel must not stop there, however: it needs to challenge us to raise the standards of how we care for our children.
A spirit of service, nurturing of the young, humility. These are not dramatic virtues, but they reshape the world, by making it a place where others feel welcome and at home. Simple gestures of hospitality are open to all of us, and create an atmosphere of generosity and of sharing. In such ways as these the world is reshaped. It is the antidote to ceaseless self-centredness. Jesus invites us to find our true security in handing our lives over to God. Security? Goodness will not protect us any more than it protected him. There is a ruthlessness in the world around us, we all know that. Yet even in acknowledging his vulnerability, Jesus puts his trust in the Father, and invites us all to do the same.
h/t Father Terry Tastard